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According to the third National Climate Assessment, the Midwest region is particularly susceptible to extreme heat, heavy downpours, and flooding that will be exacerbated by climate change and increase stress on plants, crops, and ecosystems.
While they have very differing climates, both Alaska and Hawai‘i have been affected by our changing climate.
Growing degree days have been used widely for both agriculture and horticulture purposes since the 1950s to track temperature accumulation.
Climate plays an important role in agriculture, commerce, industry, transportation, and our everyday lives.
As spring arrives, it brings with it warmer weather, blossoming trees and flowers, singing birds, and severe weather such as hail, high winds, and tornadoes.
The amount of snowfall received during the winter often has an impact on the amount of soil moisture available at the start of a new growing season.
NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) produces the Regional Snowfall Index (RSI) for significant snowstorms that impact the eastern two-thirds of the United States.
Soil moisture is a key factor in determining the annual progress of natural environments and human systems.
As was felt recently at the South Carolina Botanical Garden, extreme precipitation and flooding can be exceptionally devastating. Excess rains can wash away trails, compromise bridges, and harm many varieties of plants in public gardens.
While drought doesn’t always offer the same immediate and dramatic visuals associated with events such as hurricanes and tornadoes, it still has a huge price tag.