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The effects of urban development write a profound signature on the landscape. Soils are inevitably compacted and regraded or paved over.
Understanding carbon footprint (CF) terminology and the science underlying its determination is important to minimizing the negative impacts of new product development and assessing positive or negative cradle-to-grave lifecycle impacts.
As the pace of urban development increases, urban green spaces, and urban trees in particular, come in direct conflict with bulldozers and backhoes.