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The PhenObs initiative – A standardised protocol for monitoring phenological responses to climate change using herbaceous plant species in botanical gardens

Changes in phenology induced by climate change occur across the globe with important
implications for ecosystem functioning and services, species performance and trophic
interactions. Much of the work on phenology, especially leaf out and...

The global tree restoration potential

The restoration of trees remains among the most effective strategies for climate change
mitigation.We mapped the global potential tree coverage to show that 4.4 billion hectares
of canopy cover could exist under the current climate....

Lightning Protection for Trees

Thousands of trees are struck by lightning every year. These trees will have varying degrees of damage ranging from complete shattering and destruction of the tree, to a slow lingering death, to virtually no apparent damage at all (Figure 1). When...

Urban plant diversity in Los Angeles, California: Species and functional type turnover in cultivated landscapes

Urbanization is a large driver of biodiversity globally. Within cities, urban trees, gardens, and residential yards contribute extensively to plant biodiversity, although the consequences and mechanisms of plant cultivation for biodiversity are...

How do climate change experiments alter plot-scale climate?

To understand and forecast biological responses to climate change, scientists frequently use field
experiments that alter temperature and precipitation. Climate manipulations can manifest in complex ways, however, challenging interpretations of...

Sowing the seeds for interdisciplinary plant research and development in the Tropical Andes

In the Tropical Andes millions of people depend upon the use of wild and domesticated
biodiversity for their livelihoods, but the complex interactions between the
ecological and social components of the region’s ecosystems remain poorly...

Contemporary climatic analogs for 540 North American urban areas in the late 21st century

A major challenge in articulating human dimensions of climate change lies in translating global climate forecasts into impact assessments that are intuitive to the public. Climateanalog mapping involves matching the expected future climate at a...

Shifts in the Abiotic and Biotic Environment of Cultivated Sunflower under Future Climate Change

Sunflower is a unique model species for assessing crop responses and adaptation to climate change. We provide an initial assessment of how climate change may influence the abiotic and biotic environment of cultivated sunflower across the world. We find...

Phylogeny and source climate impact seed dormancy and germination of restoration relevant forb species

For many species and seed sources used in restoration activities, specific seed germination
requirements are often unknown. Because seed dormancy and germination traits can be
constrained by phylogenetic history, related species are often...

The Value of Pollinators and Pollinator Habitat to Rangelands: Connections Among Pollinators, Insects, Plant Communities, Fish, and Wildlife

Native pollinating bees are a vital component of the biologically diverse plant and animal community which is critical to healthy, ecologically functional range landscapes. There are more than 20,000 species of bees world-wide. They exist on every...