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Access and benefit-sharing (ABS) refers to the way in which genetic resources
may be accessed, and how the benefits that result from their use are shared
between the people or countries using the resources (users) and the people or
Plant breeders require genetic diversity to develop cultivars that are productive, nutritious,
Cycads are the most endangered of plant groups based on IUCN Red List assessments; all are in Appendix I or II of CITES, about 40% are within biodiversity ‘hotspots,’ and the call for action to improve their protection is longstanding.
Plant exploration provides the horticulture industry, public gardens, the scientific community, arboreta - and ultimately the public - with more diverse and hardier germplasm that increases the breadth of plants available for research and landscape use.
Recognition of the importance of biodiversity for global food security and the community food sustainability movement has helped increase awareness of seed rights.
Selecting the geographic origin—the provenance—of seed is a key decision in restoration. The last decade has seen a vigorous debate on whether to use local or nonlocal seed.
It is evident that species recovery is not well understood.
Forest resources face numerous threats that require costly management. Hence, there is an increasing need for data-informed strategies to guide conservation practices.
Temperature is universally important for organisms and the thermal environment of a diversity of organisms is changing rapidly because of global climate change.