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Tree defects such as co-dominant leaders, girding roots and buried trunk flares, present at time of planting, cause failures and decline long after the warrantee period has expired. Landscape architects may go to nurseries to tag trees; but often inspe
Ice or snow loads can cause branch breakage or failure of entire trees and shrubs. Branches or entire trees that fall in storms can impact homes, vehicles, power lines and block roads.
This project offers a blueprint for the ideal level of maintenance needed to keep this area of the garden aesthetically pleasing and well -kept into the future.
The effects of urban development write a profound signature on the landscape. Soils are inevitably compacted and regraded or paved over.
In September 2018, OSHA released its latest “Top 10” list of most frequently cited workplace violation. While most of the list remains unchanged, personal protective equipment violations (1926.102) were added to the list this year.
While green stormwater infrastructure increases in popularity, we are still learning about the role of trees in these innovative practices.
The Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties and the Guidelines for the Treatment of Cultural Landscapes provide guidance to cultural landscape owners, stewards and managers, landscape architects, preservation plann
As the pace of urban development increases, urban green spaces, and urban trees in particular, come in direct conflict with bulldozers and backhoes.
Inclement weather, particularly severe thunderstorms and wintry precipitation, is a major cause of damage to urban forests.
Want to be able to formulate a maintenance plan, but need an example of how it has been done? This landscape maintenance manual from The Arboretum at Penn State is a great example resource.