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A widely accepted approach to assess extinction risk, and a key source of data underpinning the IPBES report, is the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (hereafter Red List).
It is widely recognized that actions aimed at conserving, restoring and sustainably manage nature will not only help address biodiversity loss and deterioration of ecosystems but also contribute to climate change mitigation, resilience and adaptation.
Historic urban grasslands include greenspaces of historic value designed for passive and active recreation in the human built environment.
Mycorrhizal fungi, of all types, hold huge significance for our planet and society. By forming mutualistic symbioses with the vast majority of land plants, mycorrhizas play an essential role
Sonic tomography, or the use of sound waves to detect decay in trees, is a relatively new technology available to arborists.
Thousands of trees are struck by lightning every year. These trees will have varying degrees of damage ranging from complete shattering and destruction of the tree, to a slow lingering death, to virtually no apparent damage at all (Figure 1).
Urbanization is a large driver of biodiversity globally.
Urban forests are recognized for the multiple benefits they provide to city‐dwellers.
However, climate change will affect tree species survival and persistence in urban
Grain legumes provide a rich resource of plant nutrition to human diets and are vital for food security and sustainable cropping.
Oaks are critical to the health and function of forest and shrubland habitats in the United States, but many native oaks are threatened with extinction in the wild.