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The effects of urban development write a profound signature on the landscape. Soils are inevitably compacted and regraded or paved over.
Intensively managed landscapes, like those found in many public gardens, attempt to mitigate the impact of significant weather events through irrigation, improving soil characteristics, and mulching.
Understanding carbon footprint (CF) terminology and the science underlying its determination is important to minimizing the negative impacts of new product development and assessing positive or negative cradle-to-grave lifecycle impacts.
A certification program that provides guidelines for "sustainable land design, construction and maintenance practices." SITES can be applied to areas with or without buildings.