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Tree defects such as co-dominant leaders, girding roots and buried trunk flares, present at time of planting, cause failures and decline long after the warrantee period has expired. Landscape architects may go to nurseries to tag trees; but often inspe
While green stormwater infrastructure increases in popularity, we are still learning about the role of trees in these innovative practices.
As the pace of urban development increases, urban green spaces, and urban trees in particular, come in direct conflict with bulldozers and backhoes.
Inclement weather, particularly severe thunderstorms and wintry precipitation, is a major cause of damage to urban forests.