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Use of botanical gardens as arks for conserving pollinators and plant-pollinator interactions: A case study from the US Northern Great Plains

Botanical gardens have contributed to plant conservation through the maintenance of both living 20 and preserved plant specimens for decades. However, there is still a large gap in the literature 21 with regards to understanding the potential...

Continent-wide tree fecundity driven by indirect climate effects

Indirect climate effects on tree fecundity that come through variation in size and growth
(climate-condition interactions) are not currently part of models used to predict future forests.
Trends in species abundances predicted from meta-...

The PhenObs initiative – A standardised protocol for monitoring phenological responses to climate change using herbaceous plant species in botanical gardens

Changes in phenology induced by climate change occur across the globe with important
implications for ecosystem functioning and services, species performance and trophic
interactions. Much of the work on phenology, especially leaf out and...



Landscape Succession Strategy

Ten years ago the Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria embarked on an ambitious project to collect, treat and distribute storm water from the catchment within and around the botanic garden. The infrastructure of wetlands filtration, a sophisticated water ...

Climate change winners and losers: The effects of climate change on five palm species in the Southeastern United States

Palms (Arecaceae) are a relatively speciose family and provide materials for food, construction, and handicraft, especially in the tropics. They are frequently used as paleo-indicators for megathermal climates, and therefore, it is logical to predict...

Creating a pollinator garden for native specialist bees of New York and the Northeast

The guide provides a detailed the native plants of New York that are crucial for supporting native specialist bees; including, where the region or habitat the plant occurs naturally, date of bloom, color of bloom, plant structure, how to obtain seeds...

Wild bee declines linked to plant‐pollinator network changes and plant species introductions

Climate change and an increase in disturbed bee habitats from expanding agriculture and development in northeastern North America over the last 30 years are likely responsible for a 94 per cent loss of plant-pollinator networks, York University...

The global tree restoration potential

The restoration of trees remains among the most effective strategies for climate change
mitigation.We mapped the global potential tree coverage to show that 4.4 billion hectares
of canopy cover could exist under the current climate....

The pollination services of forests

This document was developed as a contribution to “mainstreaming biodiversity
into agriculture, forestry and fisheries”, as recommended at the 24th Session of the
Committee on Forestry in 2018. It also contributes to FAO’s Strategic...

Caution Needed When Predicting Species Threat Status for Conservation Prioritization on a Global Scale

A widely accepted approach to assess extinction risk, and a key source of data underpinning the IPBES report, is the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (hereafter Red List). However, with only 9%of plants represented by assessments at the latest...

Nature Map Webinar: Mapping nature and its benefits to jointly address biodiversity loss and climate change

It is widely recognized that actions aimed at conserving, restoring and sustainably manage nature will not only help address biodiversity loss and deterioration of ecosystems but also contribute to climate change mitigation, resilience and adaptation....

Managing Historic Grasslands in an Era of Climate Change

Historic urban grasslands include greenspaces of historic value designed for passive and active recreation in the human built environment. Urban grasslands such as cemeteries and parks present unique challenges to landscapes designed in the early...

Mycorrhizas for a changing world: Sustainability, conservation, and society

Mycorrhizal fungi, of all types, hold huge significance for our planet and society. By forming mutualistic symbioses with the vast majority of land plants, mycorrhizas play an essential role
in the formation and maintenance of global ecosystems...

Lightning Protection for Trees

Thousands of trees are struck by lightning every year. These trees will have varying degrees of damage ranging from complete shattering and destruction of the tree, to a slow lingering death, to virtually no apparent damage at all (Figure 1). When...

Urban plant diversity in Los Angeles, California: Species and functional type turnover in cultivated landscapes

Urbanization is a large driver of biodiversity globally. Within cities, urban trees, gardens, and residential yards contribute extensively to plant biodiversity, although the consequences and mechanisms of plant cultivation for biodiversity are...

Assessing the vulnerability of Australia’s urban forests to climate extremes

Urban forests are recognized for the multiple benefits they provide to city‐dwellers.
However, climate change will affect tree species survival and persistence in urban
ecosystems. Tree failures will cause economic losses and jeopardize...

Heat Stress in Legume Seed Setting: Effects, Causes, and Future Prospects

Grain legumes provide a rich resource of plant nutrition to human diets and are vital for food security and sustainable cropping. Heat stress during flowering has a detrimental effect on legume seed yield, mainly due to irreversible loss of seed number...

Conservation Gap Analysis of Native U.S. Oaks

Oaks are critical to the health and function of forest and shrubland habitats in the United States, but many native oaks are threatened with extinction in the wild. Ongoing conservation efforts exist for some species, but with growing threats and...

Impact of Significant Weather Events on Plant Death in Managed Landscapes

Intensively managed landscapes, like those found in many public gardens, attempt to mitigate the impact of significant weather events through irrigation, improving soil characteristics, and mulching. At the same time many gardens purposefully push the...

Analysis of Climate Change Impacts on Tree Species of the Eastern US

Participants will learn about the potential impacts of climate change on 125 tree species of the eastern US. Changes in suitable habitat, capacity to cope with the changing climate, and potential for infilling or migration by the end of this century...