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Bartlett: Needle Diseases of Conifers

Needlecast and needle blight are terms applied to a variety of foliage disorders of many coniferous species. These diseases are usually more severe on young trees or on trees growing outside of their natural range. Disease severity and corresponding...

A Landscape-Level Assessment of Restoration Resource Allocation for the Eastern Monarch Butterfly

The Monarch butterfly eastern population (Danaus plexippus) is in decline primarily due to habitat loss. Current habitat restoration programs focus on re-establishing milkweed, the primary food resource for Monarch caterpillars, in the central United...

Challenges to the Reforestation Pipeline in the United States

This article from Frontiers in Forests and Global Change explores large-scale global reforestation goals in the US. The authors used GIS analyses, surveys of nursery managers and foresters, and literature synthesis to assess the opportunities and...

Loblolly Pine Health in the Southeastern U.S.

Southern pine species such as loblolly, longleaf, shortleaf, and slash cover much of the 
southeastern U.S., and are a critical component of the region’s economy.  Loblolly pine is the 
most widely planted species in the southeastern...

Challenges to the Reforestation Pipeline in the United States

Large-scale global reforestation goals have been proposed to help mitigate climate change and provide other ecosystem services. To explore reforestation potential in the United States, we used GIS analyses, surveys of nursery managers and foresters,...

The PhenObs initiative – A standardised protocol for monitoring phenological responses to climate change using herbaceous plant species in botanical gardens

Changes in phenology induced by climate change occur across the globe with important
implications for ecosystem functioning and services, species performance and trophic
interactions. Much of the work on phenology, especially leaf out and...

Can an ambitious breeding effort save North America’s ash trees?

Since a devastating fungal blight popped up in the Bronx Zoo in 1904 and went on to kill at least 3 billion chestnut trees, North American forests have been swept by one plague after another, including a fungus that kills elms and an aphidlike insect...

Crop wild relatives of the United States require urgent conservation action

The contributions of crop wild relatives (CWR) to food security depend on their conservation and accessibility for use. The United States contains a diverse native flora of CWR, including those of
important cereal, fruit, nut, oil, pulse, root...

The global tree restoration potential

The restoration of trees remains among the most effective strategies for climate change
mitigation.We mapped the global potential tree coverage to show that 4.4 billion hectares
of canopy cover could exist under the current climate....

Access to crop digital information and the sharing of benefits derived from its use: Background and perspectives

Today's genebanks are essential to maintaining the resilience of the global agricultural system in the face of climate change, new pests and diseases, shifts in trade and dietary preferences, natural
resource limitations, and armed conflicts....

A Master Gardener Survey: Promoting Pollinator-friendly Plants Through Education and Outreach

As land-use patterns change over time, some pollinating insects continue to decline both in abundance and diversity. This is due, in part, to reductions in floral resources that provide sufficient nectar and pollen. Our overall goal is to help increase...

Lightning Protection for Trees

Thousands of trees are struck by lightning every year. These trees will have varying degrees of damage ranging from complete shattering and destruction of the tree, to a slow lingering death, to virtually no apparent damage at all (Figure 1). When...

Strategic science planning for responsible stewardship and plant protection at the U.S. Department of Agriculture

Agriculture is comprised of managed ecosystems, which can include forests, rangelands
and crops; these managed ecosystems are vital resources, providing a host
of economic and societal benefits. However, these systems face a multitude of...

Cooking up Diverse Diets: Advancing Biodiversity in Food and Agriculture through Collaborations with Chefs

Biodiversity in and across food and agriculture systems provides tremendous value to present and future generations. However, across the world we are losing genes, species, and ecosystems faster than we can account for them. With one million plant and...

Distributions and Conservation Status of Carrot Wild Relatives in Tunisia: A Case Study in the Western Mediterranean Basin

Crop wild relatives, the wild progenitors and closely related cousins of cultivated plant
species, are sources of valuable genetic resources for crop improvement. Persisting gaps
in knowledge of taxonomy, distributions, and...

Urban plant diversity in Los Angeles, California: Species and functional type turnover in cultivated landscapes

Urbanization is a large driver of biodiversity globally. Within cities, urban trees, gardens, and residential yards contribute extensively to plant biodiversity, although the consequences and mechanisms of plant cultivation for biodiversity are...

The Downward Trend in Postsecondary Horticulture Program Availability between 1997 and 2017

For the past several years, many college horticulture programs have experienced a decline in undergraduate enrollment, resulting in the elimination of some degrees. In this study, we compared postsecondary U.S. horticulture program availability from a...

Indigenous knowledge networks in the face of global change

Indigenous communities rely extensively on plants for food, shelter, and medicine. It is still unknown, however, to what degree their survival is jeopardized by the loss of either plant species or
knowledge about their services. To fill this gap...

How do climate change experiments alter plot-scale climate?

To understand and forecast biological responses to climate change, scientists frequently use field
experiments that alter temperature and precipitation. Climate manipulations can manifest in complex ways, however, challenging interpretations of...

A consistent species richness–climate relationship for oaks across the Northern Hemisphere

Although the effects of climate on species richness are known, regional processes
may lead to different species richness–climate relationships across continents
resulting in species richness anomalies, especially for tropical groups....