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Estimating the Size and Impact of the Ecological Restoration Economy

Domestic public debate continues over the economic impacts of environmental regulations that require environmental restoration. This debate has occurred in the absence of broadscale empirical research on economic output and employment resulting from environmental restoration, restoration-related conservation, and mitigation actions—the activities that are part of what is termed the “restoration economy.” This article provides a high-level accounting of the size and scope of the restoration economy in terms of employment, value added, and overall economic output on a national scale.

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