This document was developed as a contribution to “mainstreaming biodiversity
into agriculture, forestry and fisheries”, as recommended at the 24th Session of the
Committee on Forestry in 2018. It also contributes to FAO’s Strategic Objective 2
(“Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable”) and FAO’s
Strategy on Mainstreaming Biodiversity across Agricultural Sectors.

This working paper, which is aimed at forest practitioners, landscape planners and
land-use decision-makers, reviews published literature on the impacts of forest and
landscape management practices on pollinators. It also addresses the implications of
climate change, collates 36 case studies, and makes recommendation on measures for
maintaining pollinator diversity and abundance in forests and landscapes.