Humans and plants have a complex relationship extending far back into our joint
evolutionary history. This legacy can be seen today as plants provide nutrition, fiber,
pharmaceuticals, and energy for people and animals across the globe. Plant domestication
and agriculture allowed human society to develop and our settlements to become
more complex. As such, our modern cities and cultures rely in part on the stable
and reliable production and distribution of food. This work examines how changes
affecting the globe may impact upon the plant–human relationship, and how plant
science can approach future change as both a challenge and an opportunity.