Developing new genotypes of plants is one of the key options for adaptation of agriculture to climate change. Plants may be required to provide resilience in changed climates or support
the migration of agriculture to new regions. Very different genotypes may be required to perform in the modified environments of protected agriculture. Consumers will continue to demand taste, convenience, healthy and safe food and sustainably and ethically produced food, despite the
greater challenges of climate in the future. Improving the nutritional value of foods in response to climate change is a significant challenge. Genomic sequences of relevant germplasm and an understanding of the functional role of alleles controlling key traits will be an enabling platform for this innovation.