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The Bien R Package: A tool to access the Botanical Information and Ecology Network (BIEN) database

1. There is an urgent need for large-scale botanical data to improve our understanding
of community assembly, coexistence, biogeography, evolution, and many other
fundamental biological processes. Understanding these processes is critical for predicting
and handling human-biodiversity interactions and global change dynamics
such as food and energy security, ecosystem services, climate change, and species
invasions.
2. The Botanical Information and Ecology Network (BIEN) database comprises an unprecedented

Sustainability education in a botanical garden promotes environmental knowledge, attitudes and willingness to act

Creating behavior change to mobilize transitions toward sustainability is a significant challenge of our time. Inspired by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization’s Farmer Field School, we developed a novel community-based education program to engage people in local
sustainability topics. In the Sustainable Communities Field School (Field School) program, advertised as team building tours, participants from local organizations are guided by instructors through University of British Columbia Botanical Garden, while receiving verbal and experiential

Can Inclusion be Measured in a Quantitative Way, Just Qualitative, or a Combination?

Deloitte’s 2017 Global Human Capital Trends study revealing that the number of executives who
cited inclusion as a top priority rose 32% since 2014. For this study inclusion is defined as the degree to which an employee perceives that he or she is a valued member of the work group. It’s important to discern that inclusion is not autonomous from belonging, but that both are key elements in company initiatives. Measuring inclusion is vital to understanding
if employees feel a sense of inclusion and belonging within their company.

New York City’s surprising wealth of native trees

A new study shows that even the most populous city in the United States contains significant stands of forest dominated by native tree species. The findings, which appear in the journal Ecological Applications, underscore the importance of studying urban forest stands separately from street trees, which are often non-native species. Read this short article to learn more and find the link to this new study:

Tree Species for Green Infrastructure: A Guide for Specifiers

The aim of this guide is to enable you to select appropriate trees for your planting scheme. By doing so, you will enhance the benefits bestowed on our communities by trees, help enrich our shared landscape and create a more sustainable urban forest for future generations. A series of chapters provide a commentary on the interpretation of this guide and tree species selection for green infrastructure. Specific information on over 280 trees is included in the Tree Profiles and a Tree Selector tool helps you identify candidate trees by a range of criteria.

AED Devices Save Lives: Additional Considerations for your Institution

AED devices have proven to save lives and have become an affordable tool for many private and public establishments to add to their safety and risk management program. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) reports a decreased chance of survival by 7 to 10 percent for each minute that passes without defibrillation. Having access to an AED immediately can make the difference between life and death.

An evolutionary and cultural biography of ginkgo

Ginkgo biloba is a distinctive living tree with a unique place in plant evolution and
human culture. It is valued in horticulture and as a street tree, is a source of edible
“nuts” and popular in herbal medicine, and it has proved inspirational in art, literature,
and religion. Ginkgo is also a living link to diverse seed plants that flourished over 100
million years ago. With recent discoveries of extinct fossil ginkgo relatives, and the
recent draft sequence of its genome, ginkgo offers opportunities to increase public

People and plants: The unbreakable bond

We are losing biodiversity at an unprecedented rate, which will have unknown but                          potentially devastating consequences for the Earth’s planetary systems. Before we can
conserve biodiversity, however, we must understand it, both as a concept and by performing
an assessment of the diversity of life on our planet. Here, I highlight and explore
the relationships between people and plants. Plants perform a diverse array of
ecosystem processes, which provide us with a huge number of ecosystem services. We

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