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Administering the Public Garden

It would not be uncommon to think that administering a garden, or any other business, is simply a matter of shuffling papers to keep everything flowing and people working. This may be true, but it is the least of the duties of a public garden administrator. The good administrator is the visionary leader, the creative force behind the organization and the person who makes the garden rise and shine as an important part of today’s society.

Access to crop digital information and the sharing of benefits derived from its use: Background and perspectives

Today's genebanks are essential to maintaining the resilience of the global agricultural system in the face of climate change, new pests and diseases, shifts in trade and dietary preferences, natural
resource limitations, and armed conflicts. The recent loss of access to the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) genebank collections in Aleppo, Syria, in the

Managing Oak Wilt Disease

Oak wilt is a lethal disease that affects all native oak species in the eastern half of the United States. The disease is caused by the fungus, Bretziella fagacearum, which colonizes the vascular system of many oak species causing wilting, branch dieback and death of affected trees. In urban and suburban landscapes, educating homeowners about identification and management of oak wilt will aid in early detection and treatment of the disease.  


Caution Needed When Predicting Species Threat Status for Conservation Prioritization on a Global Scale

A widely accepted approach to assess extinction risk, and a key source of data underpinning the IPBES report, is the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (hereafter Red List). However, with only 9%of plants represented by assessments at the latest update (IUCN, 2019), slow progress in increasing Red List coverage of mega-diverse groups like plants has limited their inclusion in analyses of global conservation priorities. Responding to this problem, there is growing interest in speeding up the assessment process.

BHS: Public Gardens - Resources in a Time of Crisis

Spring in the Garden means many things; the soil is warming, the first sprouts of green are popping. Staff, seasonal staff and volunteers are anxious to return to their gardening tasks. Our members and guests are looking forward to visiting and experiencing the daffodils, forsythia and other first blooms of Spring. The greening of our Gardens continues and provides us a sense of stability and continuity in the midst of COVID-19 and the uncertainties that we are facing.

Bartlett: Girdling Roots

Girdling roots are lateral roots that emerge at or slightly below the soil surface and cut into at least one side of the main trunk. These roots restrict the movement of water and nutrients to the leaves as they put pressure on the trunk. Affected trunks/stems will eventually become weakened and the tree may die in five to fifteen years from the girdling roots alone, or in conjunction with environmental stresses or insect/disease attack. Cultural practices like fertilization, irrigation, and pruning will not offset the slow growth caused by girdled roots.

Applying the Zoo Model to Conservation of Threatened Exceptional Plant Species

Maintaining a living plant collection is the most common method of ex situ conservation for plant
species that cannot be seed banked i.e. “exceptional” species. Viability of living collections, and their value for future conservation efforts, can be limited without coordinated efforts to track and
manage individuals across institutions. The zoological community has established an inter-institutional infrastructure to support long-term viability of captive animal populations using a

Paid Leave Benefits and Tax Credits

The Families First Coronavirus Response Act granted paid sick and family leave benefits to employees of nonprofits and other businesses affected by COVID-19 and provided affected employers refundable payroll tax credits in equal amounts. Generally, the law requires employers with fewer than 500 employees to grant paid leave to employees for COVID-19-related reasons and sets caps on pay levels based on the reasons for an employee’s absence.


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