The Public Garden Archives
 

The Public Garden, the quarterly journal published by APGA, is an important information resource for those working in public horticulture and those interested in the subject. Each issue covers one topic in depth. Below you will find a list of the themes covered in all the issues of The Public Garden from 1986 through the present. Select a title to see a more complete description or browse the entire page.

Another Look at Invasives
Arts in the Garden
Biodiversity: Seeing the Forest for the Trees
Botany and Botanical Gardens
Breaking Out of the Glass Box
Buffer Lands and Natural Areas
Building the Garden
College and University Gardens
Communication
Conservation
Conservation: Taking the Next Steps
Conserving Our Natural Areas
Contracting Services
Defining the Public Garden: Today's Best Practices, Tomorrow's New Standards
Design in the Garden
Evaluation
Ex Situ Conservation
Exhibits and Displays
Finances: Investing in Your Garden's Future
Fund Raising
Future of Public Gardens, Part I: Roots in the Past, Routes to the Future 
Future of Public Gardens, Part II: Obstacles to Change 
Future of Public Gardens, Part III: Becoming Part of the Mainstream 
Future of Public Gardens, Part IV: Managing the Enterprise 
Future of Public Gardens, Part V: The Shape of Things to Come 
Garden Publications 
Garden Stewardship: Past, Present, and Future 
Gardens and ADA 
Growing Under Glass 
Historic Gardens
Historical View of Garden Master Planning
Income Sources for Gardens
Informal Learning
Information Management
Labeling and Interpretation
Leadership Development
Legal Issues Affecting Gardens
Libraries and Archives
Managing Human Resources
Managing Money
Managing Resources
Marketing and Audience Development
Marketing: Techniques and Tools
Members and Friends
Nature of Beauty
New Look at Design
Partnerships Within and Beyond the Garden
People Managing Plants
People: Cultivating Your Garden's Workforce
Plant Collections
Plant Evaluation and Introduction
Plant Exploration
Plants and Culture
Plants in the Garden
Public/Private Partnerships
Public Gardens and Their Communities
Raising Money
Reaching New Audiences
Reaching Out
Resources: Local Stewardship for Global Impact
Safety and Security
Starting an Arboretum
Strategies for Grounds Management
Support Facilities
Toward a Shared Vision: The Big Picture
Toward a Shared Vision: The People/ Plant Connection
Toward a Shared Vision: Within The Garden Walls
Trees: Backbone of the Garden
Trends in Garden Education
Urban Forestry
Virtual Garden
Visitor Services
Volunteers and Docents
Water Gardens
Water Management
Woodland Gardens
Working Together: Board and Staff
Your Guide to Information Resources



Another Look at Invasives
Autumn 2002. Examination of invasives from the garden perspective: establishing collection policy, self assessment procedures, publishing program, public education, introductions, reintroductions, regulations, advocacy gardens, reports from the regions. (Photocopy)

Arts in the Garden
Oct-92. Incorporating the arts in to the garden with policy, program, marketing and maintenance tips. Special Report: The Nature of Work in Our Gardens of Eden.

Biodiversity: Seeing the Forest for the Trees
Jul-98.

Botany and Botanical Gardens
Jul-91. Botany's role in a public garden from research to design to education programs and how tos on verifying living collections, setting up herbaria and botanical exhibit and conserving genetic diversity.

Breaking Out of the Glass Box
2003, Issue 2. New directions in conservatory construction, management, renovation, exhibits, and collections. Special Report: GIS in the Public Garden.

Buffer Lands and Natural Areas
Apr-88. (Photocopy) The how and why of buffer lands at public gardens. Deer and vegetation control.

Building the Garden
Summer 2001. All the basic building blocks for creating a new public garden. One article in this issue, Carol Line's "The Garden Web: Online Resources for New and Established Gardens", is available online.

College and University Gardens
2003, Issue 4. Long-range planning, advocacy, fundraising, collaborative education programs as well as a range of governance models and issues.

Communication
2004, Issue 1.

Conservation
Jan-86. (Photocopy) The role of public gardens in plant conservation.

Conservation: Taking the Next Steps
Winter 2001. Creating a conservation strategic plan, creating visitor interest, implementing the International Agenda, botanical gardens and the convention on biological diversity, surviving hurricanes, restoring biodiversity to Lake Ontario.

Conserving Our Natural Areas
2003, Issue 3. Integrated land management, natural areas conservation within the garden, ecological restoration, environmental management, interpreting natural areas, funding sources, natural areas management beyond the garden, partnerships that promote natural area conservation, online resources.

Contracting Services
Apr-95. How effective is outsourcing for maintenance, development and education? Is contracting with the feds worthwhile? When is a worker an independent contractor?

Defining the Public Garden: Today's Best Practices, Tomorrow's New Standards
Jul-00.

Design in the Garden
Jan-90. (Photocopy) The cost, value and basic principles of design. Technical Report: How to Write a Collections Policy.



Evaluation
2004, Issue 2. Helpful Hints for Understanding the Effects of Botanical Garden Programs by Marcella Wells and Barbara Butler was published in this issue of The Public Garden. Because of space restrictions, we have published the authors’ helpful references related to specific evaluation methods as an online resource.

Ex Situ Conservation
2004, Issue 3.

Exhibits and Displays
Jul-87. (Photocopy) How to develop and manage an exhibit. Collaborative and traveling exhibits.

Finances: Investing in Your Garden's Future
Jan-98. (Photocopy)

Fund Raising
Apr-86. (Photocopy) Successful fundraising strategies plus corporate fundraising and a guide to federal grants.

Future of Public Gardens, Part I: Roots in the Past, Routes to the Future
Jan-96. Examines the past and future: a history of North American gardens, the role of gardens in the 21st century, historic landscapes, and the future of biological control. Plus “Bookshelf for Plant Record-Keepers: The West”.

Future of Public Gardens, Part II: Obstacles to Change
Apr-96. It's time to reexamine staff management, plant conservation programs, lobbying, historic landscape preservation, and our dependence on both plants and collections with a theme.

Future of Public Gardens, Part III: Becoming Part of the Mainstream
Jul-96. Going beyond outreach; linking horticulture and education; building bridges through collections, publications and involvement; promoting our regions.

Future of Public Gardens, Part IV: Managing the Enterprise
Oct-96. Planning for the future: financial stability; science education reform; baby boomer volunteers; the ethics of collecting; environmental conservation. Interview with Peter Raven.

Future of Public Gardens, Part V: The Shape of Things to Come
Jan-97. Looking ahead to trends in fundraising, programs, education, and design.



Garden Publications
Jul-94. How to improve and update garden publications and get the most out of your press releases.

Garden Stewardship: Past, Present, and Future
2005, Issue 1.

Gardens and ADA
Jul-93. Explores the impact of the ADA on public gardens and how gardens can become more accessible - both physically and programmatically - to people with disabilities. Features a bibliography and list of resource organizations.

Growing Under Glass
Oct-88. (Photocopy) New conservatory designs, technologies, research and displays.

Historic Gardens
Apr-92. A must for administrators of historic gardens, this issue covers how to treat historic plant material, how to re-document lost accessions, how to restore historic gardens, how to manage design intent in a historic landscape and where to go for information.

Historical View of Garden Master Planning
Jan-99.

Income Sources for Gardens
Oct-90. An examination of ways to increase income from food services, facilities rentals, tours, gift shops, book sales and adult education programs. Special Report: Managing Garden Construction.

Informal Learning
Autumn 2001. Informal learning is a critical part of the educational program and educational experience in any cultural institution. Explore the subject with the experts.

Information Management
Oct-93. Examines the state of computerization at botanical gardens and how gardens can use computers to further their missions.



Labeling and Interpretation
Oct-86. (Photocopy) How to design and integrate labels and how to plan interpretation programs.

Leadership Development
2005, Issue 3.

Legal Issues Affecting Gardens
Oct-91. (Photocopy) How legal considerations affect botanical gardens including plant collecting, liability, UBIT and employee and visitor safety. Special Report: Bar Code Plant Inventory System.

Libraries and Archives
Apr-89. A comprehensive examination of the role of garden libraries covering acquisitions, reference, preservation and volunteers.

Managing Human Resources
Oct-95. Personnel: a checklist of legal do's and don'ts for employers, ADA employment requirements, benefits programs, structuring salaries, and CEO recruitment

Managing Money
Apr-94. Learn how to make the best investments, develop endowments, deal with accounting software and keep abreast of current books on the subject.

Managing Resources
Apr-87. (Photocopy) How to manage people and gardens. Advice on maintenance and decision-making.

Marketing and Audience Development
Jul-88. (Photocopy) Media relations. Marketing strategies. Promotions and tourism.

Marketing: Techniques and Tools
Spring 2002. This is a crash course in Marketing 101: marketing plans, branding, media coverage, logo development and corporate image, market research on a shoestring, trades, marketing membership.

Members and Friends
Jan-88. (Photocopy) Planning, organizing and marketing your membership. Special Report: Computerized Mapping.

Nature of Beauty
Apr-00. From Versailles to Giverny, from fragrance and texture to music in the garden, and the needs of the visually impaired visitor, this issue examines all aspects of beauty in the garden.

New Look at Design
2004, Issue 4.



Partnerships Within and Beyond the Garden
Jan-00 Examine collaborations to develop exhibits, promote conservation through the North American Plant Collection Consortium, reduce pesticide risk, plus partnerships in education.

People Managing Plants
Oct-99.

People: Cultivating Your Garden's Workforce
Oct-98. Employment practices and risk management, human resources in municipal gardens and university gardens, the role of the volunteer, cultivating your workforce, training opportunities, plus profiles of alpine and rock garden collections.

Plant Collections
Jul-86. (Photocopy) Collections policy basics and applications. Plant records computerization.

Plant Evaluation and Introduction
Oct-87. (Photocopy) The essentials for a successful plant introduction--why so many fail and how nurseries can help. Special Report: Nuts and Bolts of Labeling.

Plant Exploration
Jan-87. Collecting strategies in the wild and in nurseries.

Plants and Culture
Apr-99. Plant collecting today and people, plants, and cultures, plus an examination of the invasive plant problem.

Plants in the Garden
Jul-99.

Public/Private Partnerships
Jan-93. Focused on gardens with a governmental connection, this issue explores funding strategies, the transition to self-goverance, partnerships with government agencies, the private sector and other nonprofits.

Public Gardens and Their Communities
2005, Issue 2.



Raising Money
Jul-92. Raising money with a well-designed development program through annual appeals, corporate philanthropy, government grants, planned giving, and capital campaigns.

Reaching New Audiences
Summer 2002. Successful PR strategies to identify and attract new audiences: building brand identity, effective PR planning, cultural tourism, using the media effectively, bringing in diverse audiences with innovative programs, using partnerships to promote your garden.

Reaching Out
Jan-95. Forging links to new audiences through outreach to schools and to the community through planning programs that reach out to diverse audiences. Special Reports: The Greening of Cyberspace.

Resources: Local Stewardship for Global Impact
Apr-98. Environmentally conscious design, biological sustainability.

Safety and Security
2003, Issue 1. Guidelines for limiting workplace risk, effective garden security, dealing with terrorism and natural disasters, tree management, water feature safety, risk management in volunteer programs, crisis communication planning.

Starting an Arboretum
Jan-89. (Photocopy) Comprehensive articles and checklists for starting an arboretum. Special Report: IPM programs.

Strategies for Grounds Management
Jul-89. (Photocopy) Landscape liability, computerization, staff training, and managing a historic landscape. Special Report: “Setting up a grid system.”

Support Facilities
Apr-93. A look at the backstage world of botanical gardens to examine the role of support facilities on-site. Special Report: Treating Spotted Tomato Wilt Virus.

Toward a Shared Vision: The Big Picture
Apr-97. Peter Raven on the economy versus the environment, Peter Wyse Jackson on the Convention on Biological Diversity South African botanical gardens, and innovative education programs. Plus profiles of conservation collections and collections with conservation value and a special supplement: “The Exotic Species Problem.”

Toward a Shared Vision: The People/ Plant Connection
Jul-97. Educating public garden visitors through plants: exhibits, programs, displays, and collections.

Toward a Shared Vision: Within The Garden Walls
Oct-97. Creating a visitor-friendly garden through understanding the needs and wants of visitors.

Trees: Backbone of the Garden
Jan-91. The role of trees in the landscape-urban trees, healthy root systems, psychological value of trees, tropical wood products. Special Reports: Trademarks, Patents and Cultivars and Intellectual Property Protection.

Trends in Garden Education
Apr-90. (Photocopy) Comprehensive overview of innovative programs for school children and trends in community outreach.



Urban Forestry
Jan-94. From environmental education to research to community gardening programs to conservation, see what urban forestry has in store for your garden.

Virtual Garden
Oct-00. How gardens can realize the full potential offered by information technology including using online information resources, mapping plant collections, developing virtual gardens, and exploring all the possibilities of electronic communication.

Visitor Services
Jan-92. Creative crowd control, visitor research, signage, circulation, and customer service. Special Report: Prison Horticultural Therapy.

Volunteers and Docents
Apr-91. The ins and outs of volunteer programs, volunteer management, training and control acts. Special Reports: Biological Pest Control in the Conservatory and Waterfowl in the Garden.

Water Gardens
Oct-94. Water features ranging from aging fountains to koi ponds to aquatic exhibits.

Water Management
2005, Issue 4.

Water Management
Jul-90. Everything from erosion and sediment control to xeriscaping, coping with water restrictions, effective irrigation, water testing, water needs and pesticide liability risks.

Woodland Gardens
Jul-95. Woodlands: their design, management, interpretation, and conservation. Special Reports: Biological Control Techniques in Large Conservatories; IPM at Public Gardens.

Working Together: Board and Staff
Oct-89. Guide to hiring an executive director, structuring your board, communication between board and staff, board committees and fund raising.

Your Guide to Information Resources
Winter 2002. Where to go when you need information about any aspect of public horticulture? Learn from the experts writing for this issue.

As a companion to Jim Folsom's article, "Children's Literature Revisited," additional resources are available online, including References and two appendices of science standards.